The Vaccination Quandary
When a couple is expecting their first child, often times hopes, dreams and aspirations take center stage. The parents know they are going to love and care for their child, and plan on doing everything they can to make life safe and happy. After the child arrives the realization hits that it is easy to love a child, but not always so easy to know what is safe and right.
Almost immediately after birth the subject of vaccinations arises. Today, a multitude of vaccinations are available for a variety of illnesses. Along with those vaccinations come questions of safety, side effects, necessity and the origins of the vaccine. Christian parents contact Christian Life Resources wanting to know whether some vaccines are made with embryonic tissue. If so, they wish to know whether the use f these embryonic tissue vaccinations was acceptable for their children.
A search through the American Hospital Formulary Service (drug information text) indicates two vaccines given routinely to children use embryonic cell lines in the manufacture of the vaccine. These two vaccines are the rubella vaccine and the varicella (chickenpox) vaccine. However, before a jump is made to a quick conclusion that the vaccines should not be used, please read on.
Both the rubella and caricella vaccines are not made from embryonic cells. Rather, they are propagated and attentuated through an embryonic cell line which is several decades old. Propagate means "to reproduce" and attenuate means "to weaken." In other words, the disease organism is reproduced, then weakened by passing it through the cell line of the previously-obtained embryonic tissue. If the disease organism is not weakened through attenuation, it would be too potent to be used as vaccine. (Remember, a vaccine is a suspension of weakened or killed microorganisms given to induce immunity to a particular infectious disease.)
The cell line of the embryonic tissue used for vaccine purposes was obtained (not purchased) in the 1960s. While it is known that the tissue came from an aborted fetus, it is unclear whether the abortion was done for medical reasons or whether it was an elective procedure. At the time the tissue was obtained, enough of the cell line was produced and frozen to last for decades. We know the same cell line is still being used because it is identified as such in the literature. Fresh aborted tissue is not used for each production of vaccine. The microorganism can be passed through a cell line between 38-60 times before the cell line is no longer viable. There are enough frozen lines available for use for a time, but the supply cannot last forever. At this time, we are not able to obtain information as to what the manufacturer plans to do when the cell line is depleted. It is possible, in the future, that animal cell lines, non-fetal human cell lines, or stem cell lines may be used.
So what is the final answer to a Christian parent? Like many other issues, there isn't a definitive answer; however, the connection to aborted tissue is tenuous enough that it seems illogical to deny the use of vaccines based on what we currently know. It makes little sense to jeopardize the well-being of a child because of a shaky connection to embryonic cells obtained decades ago. We encourage parents to prayerfully consider all sides of the vaccination questions before making a final decision. Extended conversation with your physician may also be in order.
Updated News on Vaccines
(Originally published in the Christmas 2001 issue of Beginnings [now Clearly Caring] magazine)
"The Vaccination Quandary" generated some mail chastising Christian Life Resources for not saying vaccines made with the use of embryonic tissue was wrong. In the course of corresponding with those in disagreement with the article, we were able to find out some additional information.
First, it is our desire to clarify a couple of points. It would be more accurate to say the vaccines are manufactured using "fetal" tissue, not "embryonic" tissue. Because the tissue used came from babies aborted at around three months' gestation, the term "embryonic" is not accurate. A baby at this stage of gestation is a "fetus," not an "embryo."
Second, the rubella vaccine is manufactured through a different fetal cell line (WI-38 and WI-44) than the varicella (chickenpox) vaccine which uses the MRC-5 cell line. In other words, the tissues used for each vaccine came from different babies, and in the fact, the rubella vaccine used tissue from two aborted babies.
The additional information to be shared with our readers focuses on the fact that there is a group which is working on encouraging pharmaceutical companies to manufacture these vaccines without using fetal tissue. The name of this group is Children of God for Life, and you can visit them at www.cogforlife.org. This group is dedicated to supporting the development of "ethical" vaccines that are free from human fetal cell line use. If you feel you cannot ethically allow your child(ren) to be vaccinated by the current rubella and varicella vaccines on the market, you might be interested in following the progress of this group.
Beginnings, Summer 2001
Article Shortcut: http://www.christianliferesources.com?5463
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